from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Rubbish found mixed with a cargo which has been stowed in bulk.
  • noun Picking out; sorting.
  • noun plural The worst part or refuse of a staple commodity.
  • noun The act or practice of falsifying what has been said or written by partial or misleading quotation.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb Present participle of garble.


Sorry, no etymologies found.



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  • "Spices required sorting and cleansing to get rid of impurities, a process called garbling. The guild of Pepperers of Sopers Lane, the spice street in the City of London, appointed garblers to inspect and certify purity before spices were weighed. Spices were sufficiently valuable so that even the inferior residue, what the Italian merchants called the garbellatura, was not simply discarded but sold as a cheaper, lower-quality version of an intrinsically precious product. Francesco Pegolotti's commercial handbook lists the spices that are normally garbled and compares the price of the invferior siftings with the pure aromatics. Thus mastic garbellatura is worth one-fifth the price of first-quality mastic. The ratio for pepper is one-third; for ginger one-half; for nutmeg one-third as long as there was no dust in the garbellatura."

    Paul Freedman, Out of the East: Spices and the Medieval Imagination (New Haven and London: Yale UP, 2008), 124.

    November 28, 2017