from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See neuroglia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The network of glial cells that supports nervous system tissue.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The glia-cells collectively of the central nervous system in vertebrates; neuroglia.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
This myelin sheath is, basically, electrical tape, which is one reason that myelin, along with its associated cells, was classified as glia Greek for "glue".
When TLR4 is activated, immune cells in the brain called glia send out
However, another class of brain cells called glia can regulate those signals.
The ATP causes cells called glia to produce SRSs, which in turn enter nearby neurons and activate a cascade of other chemicals that affect how the neurons respond to neurotransmitters.
The growth of the cortex is not due to the growth of new neurons, she points out, but results from wider blood vessels, more supporting structures such as glia and astrocytes, and increased branching and connections.
One of the reasons the Gulf War Syndrome may have been so difficult to understand is that glia -- the other brain -- has itself been such a mystery until recently.
In my overview to the committee on the four major kinds of glial cells in "the other brain", several other ways in which glia could be involved in Gulf War illnesses were recognized.
Early in the meeting a new culprit emerged -- "the other brain" -- the non-electric portion of the brain composed of brain cells called glia.
The natural fluctuations in estrogen levels in youth stimulate a coordinated and dramatic reorganization of synapses and glia on a monthly basis.
Langub, MC, et al. Estrogen receptor immunoreactive glia, endothelia and ependyma in guinea pig preoptic area and median eminence: electron microscopy.