from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A provision in a statute that exempts an activity or item from new regulations that would otherwise prevent engagement in that activity or use of that item.
- noun A clause in some southern state constitutions that exempted descendants of persons allowed to vote prior to the Civil War from subsequent voting restrictions, meaning that such restrictions disfranchised many African Americans while not applying to many whites.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun A
clauseor section, especially in a law, granting exceptions for people or organisations who were affected by previous conditions.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun an exemption based on circumstances existing prior to the adoption of some policy; used to enfranchise illiterate whites in south after the American Civil War
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
From late 19th-century legislation and constitutional amendments passed by a number of U.S. Southern states, which created new literacy and property restrictions on voting, but exempted those whose grandfathers had the right to vote before the Civil War. The intent and effect of such rules was to prevent poor and illiterate African American former slaves and their descendants from voting, but without denying poor and illiterate whites the right to vote.
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