from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Any of several freshwater food and game fishes of the genus Thymallus of the Northern Hemisphere, having a small mouth and large dorsal fin.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any freshwater fish of the genus Thymallus or specifically Thymallus thymallus, of the salmon family, having a large dorsal fin.
- n. A species of butterfly, Hipparchia semele, of the family Nymphalidae.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A European fish (Thymallus vulgaris), allied to the trout, but having a very broad dorsal fin; -- called also umber. It inhabits cold mountain streams, and is valued as a game fish.
- n. An American fish of the genus Thymallus, having similar habits to the above; one species (T. Ontariensis), inhabits several streams in Michigan; another (T. montanus), is found in the Yellowstone region.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A fish of the family Salmonidæ and genus Thymallus.
- n. The dace.
- n. A common European butterfly, Hipparchia semele: so called from the gray under side of the wings.
- n. In Australia, Prototroctes muræna, of the family Hoplochitonidæ, a fish which remotely resembles the English grayling. Also called cucumber-fish, cucumber-mullet, fresh-water herring, and Yarra herring.
- n. An American agapetid butterfly, Cercyonis alope, which occurs in several well-marked varieties. See below.
In Montana today, the grayling is a “high profile” species in fisheries programs.
But the chief glory of the grayling is the large iridescent fin on his back.
Charles Cotton, the ingenious young friend of Walton, was all wrong in calling the grayling "one of the deadest-hearted fishes in the world."
The first occasion on which I ever saw and caught one of the beautiful fish herein described as grayling was on a day many months previous to our former party camping on Scarr's Creek.
The grayling is the deadest-hearted and the foolishest-headed fish that swims.
"The grayling is a unique part of the natural heritage of Montana," said Leah Elwell, conservation coordinator for the Federation of Fly Fishers.
Although Scarr's creek was full of "grayling" they were too small for salting; but were delicious eating when fried.
Others that were once of primary importance to state anglers - such as grayling - are now a distant memory, having been fully extirpated from state waters.
But interesting that the ecosystems we love, in some cases, are the results of man - alewive, salmon, and steelhead in the Great Lakes, brown and brook trout in Michigan streams (that used to be infested with grayling).
I caught lots of 25 '' char and a 3.5 pound grayling. bristol bay is better, 4 pound grayling and tons of char 10+ pounds. my biggest is about 17 pounds, 33 '' by 23 ''