from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A natural brown earth containing ferric oxide and manganese oxides, used as pigment.
  • noun Any of the shades of brown produced by umber in its various states.
  • adjective Of or related to umber.
  • adjective Having a brownish color.
  • transitive verb To darken with or as if with umber.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To color with umber, or as with umber; shade or darken.
  • noun Shade.
  • noun A fish, the grayling. See Thymallus.
  • noun The umber-bird.
  • noun Same as umbrel, 3.
  • noun A natural pigment somewhat resembling an ocher, but darker and browner, due to the presence of oxid of manganese.
  • Of a brown color; dark; dusky.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky.
  • noun (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called burnt umber; when not heated, it is called raw umber. See Burnt umber, below.
  • noun obsolete An umbrere.
  • noun (Zoöl.) See Grayling, 1.
  • noun (Zoöl.) An African wading bird (Scopus umbretta) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also umbrette, umbre, and umber bird.
  • noun (Paint.) a pigment made by burning raw umber, which is changed by this process from an olive brown to a bright reddish brown.
  • noun a brown pigment obtained from lignite. See Cologne earth.
  • transitive verb To color with umber; to shade or darken.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun a brown clay, somewhat darker than ochre, which contains iron and manganese oxides.
  • noun Alternative form of umbrere.
  • adjective Of a reddish brown colour, like that of the pigment.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments
  • noun an earth pigment
  • noun a medium brown to dark-brown color


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French (terre d') ombre or Italian (terra di) ombra, shadow (earth), both possibly from alteration (influenced by French ombre and Italian ombra, shadow) of Latin Umbria, Umbria.]



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