from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An elementary school in which students are taught to read Hebrew texts.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • A Middle English variant of hither.
  • n. In Jewish use, an inclosure; a chamber or secret compartment; specifically, a primary school for Jewish children where they are instructed exclusively in Hebrew and the Jewish religion.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Hebrew חֶדֶר (khéder, "room").


  • Joseph was in heder all day; the baby was a quiet little thing; Mashke was no worse than usual.

    The Promised Land

  • I was wild with indignation and pity when I remembered how my poor brother had been cruelly tormented because he did not want to sit in heder and learn what was after all false or useless.

    The Promised Land

  • Analogizing itself from the modern heders of Eastern Europe (the so-called heder metukkan), these American schools offered girls a supplementary school curriculum that emphasized Hebrew language, grammar, conversation, and literature.

    Orthodox Judaism in the United States.

  • The heder was the only beginning allowable for a boy in Polotzk, and to heder Joseph must go.

    The Promised Land

  • Her father received a Jewish education at heder and yeshiva, while her mother had attended elementary school.

    Hadassa Ben-Itto.

  • She labored to invent new poetical language that was close to the spoken language and free of the residue of the scholarly, textual culture of the heder (European religious schools for young children).

    Rahel Bluwstein.

  • Girls occasionally studied in heder long enough to master phonetic Hebrew reading that could be easily adapted to the reading of Yiddish texts which were written in Hebrew letters.

    Poland: Early Modern (1500-1795).

  • She was raised in a traditional-Zionist home and educated in a heder, together with boys.

    Hasya Sukenik-Feinsod.

  • He sent his sons to heder and hired a private tutor for his daughters.

    Beba Idelson.

  • As her friend Ita Eig-Faktorit wrote: “She prepares for this work, day by day, as if for sacred worship; she arrives early, prepares the heder (room), a kind of canvas tent erected by amateurish hands on the sands of Tel Aviv, on the road to the sea, and welcomes the girls at the entrance to the class, as a sense of festival pervades the heder, so neatly arranged and tastefully decorated.”

    Bracha Habas.


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