from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun A figure of speech in which two words connected by a conjunction are used to express a single notion that would normally be expressed by an adjective and a substantive, such as grace and favor instead of gracious favor.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In rhet, a figure which consists in using two words connected by a copulative conjunction to express a single complex idea; especially, substitution of two substantives so coördinated for a substantive with its attributive adjective or limiting genitive.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Gram.) A figure in which the idea is expressed by two nouns connected by
and, instead of by a noun and limiting adjective.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun rhetoric a
figure of speechused for emphasis, where two words joined by andare used to express a single complex idea.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun use of two conjoined nouns instead of a noun and modifier
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The reflexive line that impugns the "sceptre bearing line" (l. 268) of violence transforms its word for sword, by phonetic anagram, and across the grammar of hendiadys, when the effect of conquest is said to "spread the plague of blood and gold."
The rhetorical point of interest is that that's hendiadys.
Three appendixes list instances of hendiadys in Hamlet, tabulate its incidence in all the plays, and discuss some misleading definitions in the OED.
The process of editing my dissertation has become one long performance of getting rid of unnecessary hendiadys.
Literally "one from two," hendiadys refers to a pair of words linked by "and" that expresses a single meaning neither word alone conveys.
Fowler calls these and actually just about all the examples in this post--he follows the strict definition of hendiadys "Siamese twins," and is on a warpath against the tautological ones like "betwixt and between."
I'd like to claim that I use hendiadys consciously and of course evocatively!
Rare in English speech or other English poetry, hendiadys joins nouns, or sometimes adjectives, in a false or specious union e.g., "sound and fury" for "furious sound".
Don't tell Mothra Stewart about hendiadys, whatever you do.
In all his plays Shakespeare uses the Vergilian figure hendiadys some three hundred times, most frequently in his middle plays and most of all in Hamlet.