from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. Past tense and past participle of heave.
  • intransitive v. Past tense and past participle of heave.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To remain suspended in air, water etc.; to float, to hover.
  • v. To wait, linger.
  • v. To move on or by.
  • v. To remain; delay.
  • v. To remain stationary (usually on horseback).
  • v. To raise; lift; hold up.
  • v. To rise.
  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of heave.
  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of heave.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imp. & p. p. of heave.
  • v. To rise; to swell; to heave; to cause to swell.
  • intransitive v. To hover around; to loiter; to lurk.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To wait; linger; loiter; hover about.
  • To hover in the air.
  • To float.
  • To move; stand aside.
  • Preterit and past participle of heave.
  • To lift; heave.
  • To swell; inflate.
  • To rise; ascend.
  • To swell.
  • An obsolete aphetic form of behove, behoove.
  • n. Same as hoove.
  • n. The ground-ivy, Nepeta Glechoma.


From Middle English hoven ("to linger, wait, hover, move aside, entertain, cherish, foster"), from Old English *hofian (“to receive into one's house”), from Proto-Germanic *hufōnan (“to house, lodge”), from Proto-Germanic *hufan (“hill, height, farm, dwelling”), from Proto-Indo-European *keup- (“to arch, bend, buckle”). Cognate with Old Frisian hovia ("to receive into one's home, entertain"), Old Dutch hoven ("to receive into one's home, entertain"). Related to Old English hof ("court, house, dwelling"). More at hovel. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English hoven, alteration (due to hove, hoven, past tense and past participle of heven ("to heave")). More at heave. (Wiktionary)
Inflected forms. (Wiktionary)


  • Off the north shore of Prince Edward Island, then a wild, wooded land, with settlements few and far between, the Captain hove-to in order to replenish his supply of water.

    The Alpine Path: The Story of My Career

  • 'At one place, some suburban villa, he could get no answer to his ring, and he "hove" his cards over the gate just as it opened, and he had the shame of explaining in his unexplanatory French to the man picking them up.

    My Mark Twain (from Literary Friends and Acquaintance)

  • We "hove" our deep-sea-line by night, and the operation was very interesting, at least to me.

    Redburn. His First Voyage

  • He began his second round with two early bogeys but as the back nine hove into view so did his famous spirit as four birdies turned a ho-hum day into the exactly the kind of day he needed.

    Masters 2011: Rory McIlroy shines but Tiger Woods prowls

  • Being Umm Hassane, she hove off to her neighborhood Amal office, with a “connected” relative she had browbeaten into coming with her, to complain.

    Day of Honey

  • Mostly my husband has worked in male-dominated environments so he can get a bit excited when real live women hove into view.

    The Office Party « Tales from the Reading Room

  • Together we hove up the rope till the anchor I came in sight with the sturgeon line caught across one of the flukes.

    The King of the Greeks

  • Of course, if anybody hove in sight, the position was instantly reversed.


  • Never a day does the gray thin, or the snow-squalls cease that we do not sight ships, west-bound like ourselves, hove-to and trying to hold on to the meagre westing they possess.


  • We hove up anchor to a jolly chanty, and sailed out of Yokohama harbour for San Francisco.

    Chapter 17


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  • hove in the expression"hove around the bend" is equivalent to came.

    July 17, 2014