from The Century Dictionary.
- noun The chemistry of the sixteenth and first half of the seventeenth centuries.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical principles.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun chemistry, medicine An early branch of
chemistry, having roots in alchemy, that tried to provide chemical remediesto diseases.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
Paracelsus is the last of the great alchemists; deeply concerned with the prolongation of life, he organizes iatrochemistry and directs it towards chemotherapy.
The profession was literally ravaged by theories, schools and systems -- iatromechanics, iatrochemistry, humoralism, the animism of Stahl, the vitalistic doctrines of Van Helmont and his followers -- and into this metaphysical confusion Morgagni came like an old Greek with his clear observation, sensible thinking and ripe scholarship.
Owing to the greater progress made in physics, iatrochemistry found fewer followers, and that it took root at all is the service of its chief representative Franz de le Boë Sylvius (1614-72), who in 1658 became professor of practical medicine at Leyden.
Iatrophysics was cultivated mainly in Italy and England; iatrochemistry in the Netherlands and Germany.