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from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of, relating to, or being the grammatical case indicating placement within a location in some languages, as in Finnish Helsinkissä "in Helsinki.”
  • n. The inessive case.
  • n. A word or form in the inessive case.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of, or relating to the grammatical case that in some languages indicates the state of being in or inside a location.
  • n. The inessive case, or a word in that case.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • In grammar, expressing ‘position in’; locative.


in- (“in”) +‎ essive (Wiktionary)



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  • In Finland there's somewhere a hoard
    Of words they've saved up and stored.
    They have the inessive
    So they can use less of
    Prepositions they decline to afford.

    N.B.,the case(s) for economy: In addition to inessive (replacing "in"), this limerick will also work with abessive ("without"), adessive ("by," "while"), and essive ("as"). They are a frugal bunch, those Finns.

    May 12, 2015