Definitions

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Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[German : Insel, island (from Middle High German insule, from alteration of Old High German isila, probably from Vulgar Latin *īsula; see isle) + Berg, mountain (from Middle High German berc, from Old High German berg; see bhergh- in Indo-European roots).]

Examples

  • Tepuis are internationally recognized as unique sandstone "inselberg" formations, emerging from the ancient Guayanan Shield, and who prolonged isolation and abrupt topography (among other things) have lead to a great many endemic species.

    Tepuis

  • The high altitude of this isolated relict inselberg and the cool, moist conditions at its summit could explain the high level of endemism found in this region.

    Namibian savanna woodlands

  • This inselberg of nearly vertical Precambrian strata is about 2.5 kilometers long and more than 350 meters high

    100 Things You've Done Meme: A Geologist's Version

  • This inselberg of nearly vertical Precambrian strata is about 2.5 kilometers long and more than 350 meters high

    Archive 2008-12-01

  • Of the twelve sites, three are in high mountains: Mongun Taiga, Tsagaan Shuvuut and Turgen; two are in lower mountains: Aryskannyg and Ular; one is an inselberg: Yamaalyg; two are desert: Tsugeer els and Altan els; three, Ubsu-Nur, Oroku-Shinaa and Tes River, are wetland and one is Uvs Nuur lake itself.

    Uvs Nuur Basin, Russian Federation, Republic of Tuva and Mongolia

  • The 360 m high Van Stockemberg formation, is another example of a well-known inselberg in the reserve.

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Suriname

  • Low inselberg hills in the north and east are of granite.

    Okapi Faunal Reserve, Democratic Republic of Congo

  • The near-endemic Angola cave-chat (Xenocopsychus ansorgei) is common but extremely localized, being limited to a few rocky hills and cliffs and surrounding forest habitat in four isolated areas, two of which fall into the ecoregion: eastern Namibe and Huíla in the southern outlier of the ecoregion, and on the inselberg of Mt. Soque in Huambo.

    Angolan montane forest-grassland mosaic

  • The most famous inselberg in the CSNR is the Voltzberg Dome (250 m above sea level).

    Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Suriname

  • The granite inselberg of Yamaalyg is especially rich in burial mounds, petroglyphs, steles and effigies.

    Uvs Nuur Basin, Russian Federation, Republic of Tuva and Mongolia

Comments

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  • An lone hill, mountain or plateau standing above flatter plains. More commonly a Monadnock, in the US at least.

    From German, insel 'island', berg 'mountain'.

    July 16, 2009

  • "An inselberg or monadnock (/məˈnædnɒk/) is an isolated rock hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain. In southern and south-central Africa, a similar formation of granite is known as a koppie, an Afrikaans word ("little head") from the Dutch word kopje. If the inselberg is dome-shaped and formed from granite or gneiss, it can also be called a bornhardt, though not all bornhardts are inselbergs."

    -- https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inselberg&oldid=854724700

    October 29, 2018