from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. One of several Turkish viceroys ruling Egypt from 1867 to 1914.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A form of Turkish viceroy who ruled Egypt in the late 19th and early 20th centuries
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A governor or viceroy; -- a title granted in 1867 by the sultan of Turkey to the ruler of Egypt.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The title of the viceroy of Egypt, assumed by Ismail Pasha in 1867, under a convention with his suzerain the Sultan of Turkey: an agreement made between them in 1866 had established for the first time hereditary succession in his family.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. one of the Turkish viceroys who ruled Egypt between 1867 and 1914
In 1871, however, Baker claimed Gondokoro for the khedive of Egypt, and this gesture set off what became known as the "Scramble for Africa," with the European powers vying for resource-rich lands.
That project came to naught in 1869, when Bartholdi's small sculptural models were rejected by the Egyptian khedive, Ismael Pasha, already up to his viceroyal ears in debt.
Granville managed to talk Gambetta down to issuing a “Joint Note” to the Egyptian nationalists: a warning that any move concerning the status of the khedive, the Dual Control, and the budget would be met with force.
If Urabi incited a revolt of the Sudanese garrisons, the khedive would lose his empire as well as his throne.
If they want to dethrone the khedive, their policy might lead to the desired result.
“He has also accused the khedive of selling Egypt to the Christians.”
Cromer was satisfied that the new khedive, who had begun his reign with rebellious postures, had reverted to type.
When Urabi repeated his demands to Tawfik, the khedive caved in.
Containing his distress, he summoned his treacherous son and recognized him as the new khedive.
“Our refuge,” they said, “the refuge of all, does exist: it is His Highness the khedive and His Excellency the Governor-General.”