from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun One of several Turkish viceroys ruling Egypt from 1867 to 1914.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The title of the viceroy of Egypt, assumed by Ismail Pasha in 1867, under a convention with his suzerain the Sultan of Turkey: an agreement made between them in 1866 had established for the first time hereditary succession in his family.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A governor or viceroy; -- a title granted in 1867 by the sultan of Turkey to the ruler of Egypt.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A form of Turkish viceroy who ruled Egypt in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun one of the Turkish viceroys who ruled Egypt between 1867 and 1914


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French khédive, from Turkish hidiv, from Persian khidēw, lord, from Middle Persian khwadāy, from Old Iranian khvadāta-; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots.]


  • In 1871, however, Baker claimed Gondokoro for the khedive of Egypt, and this gesture set off what became known as the "Scramble for Africa," with the European powers vying for resource-rich lands.

    To the Source

  • That project came to naught in 1869, when Bartholdi's small sculptural models were rejected by the Egyptian khedive, Ismael Pasha, already up to his viceroyal ears in debt.

    Liberty as Statue and Symbol

  • Containing his distress, he summoned his treacherous son and recognized him as the new khedive.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • If they want to dethrone the khedive, their policy might lead to the desired result.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • “Our refuge,” they said, “the refuge of all, does exist: it is His Highness the khedive and His Excellency the Governor-General.”

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • When Urabi repeated his demands to Tawfik, the khedive caved in.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • If Urabi incited a revolt of the Sudanese garrisons, the khedive would lose his empire as well as his throne.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • “He has also accused the khedive of selling Egypt to the Christians.”

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • Granville managed to talk Gambetta down to issuing a “Joint Note” to the Egyptian nationalists: a warning that any move concerning the status of the khedive, the Dual Control, and the budget would be met with force.

    Three Empires on the Nile

  • Cromer was satisfied that the new khedive, who had begun his reign with rebellious postures, had reverted to type.

    Three Empires on the Nile


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  • "The exciting new storytelling form, barely a century old, was adapted from the European novels that European armies brought in their wake: Napoleon's troops were in Cairo for three years, but, thanks to Egypt's Paris-worshipping nineteenth-century khedives, Balzac and Zola stayed for good."

    -- Claudia Roth Pierpont, in "Found in Translation" in The New Yorker's January 18, 2010 issue.

    January 23, 2010