Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Same as organon.
  • noun In music: An organ.
  • noun Same as diaphony, 2.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun music a type of medieval polyphony which builds upon an existing plainsong

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin organum, from Ancient Greek ὄργανον (organon, "organ, instrument, tool").

Examples

  • Hucbald's principal achievement, however, consists in having given a theoretic basis to the custom of adding another melody to the chant of the Church, which custom he called organum, or diaphonia (see COUNTERPOINT; HARMONY), thereby laying the foundation for polyphony which developed from it.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 7: Gregory XII-Infallability

  • Nativitas gloriose virginis is a three-part organum, which is attributed to the medieval French composer Perotinus fl c.1200, who is also known as Pérotin.

    Archive 2009-05-01

  • Nativitas gloriose virginis is a three-part organum, which is attributed to the medieval French composer Perotinus fl c.1200, who is also known as Pérotin.

    Pérotin 'Alleluia nativitas'

  • He would have been peculiarly well fitted to give a truly scientific character to metaphysical studies, had it occurred to him to prepare the field by a criticism of the organum, that is, of pure reason itself.

    The Critique of Pure Reason

  • It's based on an overlapping seven-note tune - I think the technical term for this is 'organum' and dates from plainchant in the middle ages, but I could be wrong.

    Music

  • It's based on an overlapping seven-note tune - I think the technical term for this is 'organum' and dates from plainchant in the middle ages, but I could be wrong.

    Archive 2004-12-01

  • European philosophers from Plato to Nietzsche have begun their philosophizing from a starting-point which implied, as an essential part of their "organum" of enquiry, the possession by the human soul of some sort of aesthetic vision.

    The Complex Vision

  • He called his system an "organum" or "diaphony," and to sing according to his rules was called to "organize" or

    Critical and Historical Essays Lectures delivered at Columbia University

  • The name "organum" was dropped and the new system became known as tenor and descant, the tenor being the principal or foundation melody, and the descant or descants (for there could be as many as there were parts or voices to the music) taking the place of the organum.

    Critical and Historical Essays Lectures delivered at Columbia University

  • "organum" were notated in a very strange but absolutely accurate pitch notation, derived somewhat from ancient Greek music theory and based on disjunct tetrachords with a half step between the two middle notes.

    Netvouz - new bookmarks

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