from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A galley-type Grecian vessel with fifty oars.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A Grecian vessel with fifty oars.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An ancient Greek ship of burden carrying fifty oars.
- n. In Greek antiquity, a commander of fifty men.
The half company is technically called a pentecostys, and a quarter company an enomoty, and the officers in charge of them respectively penteconter and enomotarch.
The most common galley at Aulis was probably the penteconter, a fifty-oared ship about ninety feet long, with twenty-five rowers sitting along each side of the hull.
For now, we need note the presence of only one other kind of oared ship in both fleets of 480 B.C.: the penteconter.
Leucas, for instance, sent only three triremes; Cythnos sent only a trireme and a penteconter; while Melos, Siphnos and Seriphos sent only penteconters—two from Melos, one each from Siphnos and Seriphos.
With the addition of the trireme from Tenos, they represented twenty-three city-states, from Athens, which had 180 triremes at Salamis, to Seriphos, which provided a penteconter.
Anything less than a penteconter would be useless, and that long hull would never survive the North Atlantic.
The penteconter was an early prototype of the galley of the Christian era.
Some of these island contingents contained a type of ship different from the triremes, the penteconter.
Ships of War, "round" and "long"; trireme; penteconter; liburna; galley; dromon; galleas; junk; Viking craft; galleon; two and three-deckers; steam; submarine; destroyer; battle cruiser; dreadnought
The trireme, pulling only one of her banks, was dropping behind, her navarch leaving the tiring chase to the penteconter, but the latter hung on doggedly.