from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A hair or hairlike structure, especially on the surface of a cell or microorganism.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A hair.
- n. A hairlike appendage found on the cell surface of many bacteria.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, one of the fine slender bodies, like hair, covering some plants.
- n. In zoology, a hair or hair-like body, especially a hair in any way distinguished from those which collectively cover the body.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. hairlike structure especially on the surface of a cell or microorganism
- n. any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal
It does explore the topic of homology between the flagellar axial proteins rod-hook-filament and the T3SS pilus, which is incredibly useful.
The pilus is a long, hair-like appendage that the bacterium uses to reach out to human cells that it infects.
A bacterium connects itself to another through a tube structure called pilus (there are lots of them, spiky things, plural: pilli), you can see them in the second illustration in this article (scroll up).
Stultissimus pilus occipitis mei plus scit, quam omnes vestri doctores, et calceorum meorum annuli doctiores sunt quam vester Galenus et Avicenna, barba mea plus experta est quam vestrae omnes Academiae.
“Ubera tua intumuerunt, et pilus tuus germinavit; et eras nuda et confusione plena.” — “Thy breasts were fashioned, and thy hair was grown, and thou wast naked and confused.”
The pilus prior commanded a cohort; the primipilus a legion.
Antony called a war council, not a meeting of his intimates but a gathering that included all his legates and tribunes, plus the primipilus and pilus prior centurions—sixty men altogether.
A desperate pilus stretched from the outer flank of Ekarete's ship.
A pilus extended from Tasmin's ship; Yalnis's ship accepted it.
Air rushed past Yalnis in a quick blast; the wind fell still as her ship clenched its pilus and resorbed it.