from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An adherent of social or philosophical pluralism.
  • n. Ecclesiastical A person who holds two or more offices, especially two or more benefices, at the same time.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A person who holds multiple offices, especially a clergyman who holds more than one ecclesiastical benefice.
  • n. An advocate of pluralism (in all senses)

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A clerk or clergyman who holds more than one ecclesiastical benefice.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A clergyman who holds at the same time two or more ecclesiastical benefices.
  • n. An advocate of the theory that the human races have developed from a number of ancestral forms: opposed to monogenist.
  • n. In general, one who recognizes a plurality, as of causes, reals, etc.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature
  • n. someone who believes that distinct ethnic or cultural or religious groups can exist together in society
  • n. a cleric who holds more than one benefice at a time


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • The majority of the Founding Fathers in the next century would subscribe to what I call pluralist identity - believing in civil rights and liberties, religious freedom and tolerance.

    Akbar Ahmed: A Journey into America, Past and Present

  • In the context of education, for instance, an external pluralist is likely to think that public schools should perhaps steer clear of contentious topics such as religion, or perhaps better still, that school choice programs should be implemented to avoid the need to agree on a common curriculum.


  • It is a battle between views I would describe as pluralist versus technocratic.

    Mike Lux: Pluralists vs. Technocrats

  • I don't say this out of a kind of Christian chauvinism – wanting to defend my corner, The presence of Christians in communities like Iraq and Syria is actually part of what you might call a pluralist, tolerant, co-existent tradition in Middle-Eastern Arab society which is itself under threat.

    Archbishop Speaks out on Middle East

  • What Talisse refers to as his pluralist objection states that Deweyan democracy, or John Dewey's theory of democracy as contemporary Dewey scholars understand it, resembles a thick account, that is, a theory establishing a set of prior restraints on the values that can count as legitimate within a democratic community, and thus is incompatible with pluralism, at least insofar as contemporary political theorists define that term.

    Legal Theory Blog

  • I sometimes surprise people who expect me to categorize myself as a "pluralist", but so far I'm sticking with the label "inclusivist".

    Other Religions in Sunday School

  • A natural law based system can accept a certain aboult of pluralism, but a "pluralist" system is simply unworkable under the Natural Law.

    Obama's "Humble Realism"???

  • He's in favour of something he calls a 'pluralist' form of Government - though no-one from the Lib Dems has been prepared to explain what this entails.

    Clegg living with the fairies.

  • Are democratic or "pluralist" states naturally more responsive to environmental problems, and authoritarian ones inherently less so?

    Resources under regimes

  • David Nicholls wrote, eloquently and pungently, on 'pluralist' theories of the state, following through and elaborating the insights of J. N.Figgis and Harold Laski in particular among twentieth century theorists.

    David Nicholls Memorial Lecture: 'Law, Power and Peace: Christian Perspectives on Sovereignty' - The University Church of St Mary the Virgin, Oxford


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