from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in the precolonial United States.
  • noun The assignment of something, such as an event or name, to a time that precedes it, as in If you tell the cops, you're a dead man.
  • noun The use of a descriptive word in anticipation of the act or circumstances that would make it applicable, as dry in They drained the lake dry.
  • noun The anticipation and answering of an objection or argument before one's opponent has put it forward.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Anticipation.
  • noun In rhetoric: A name sometimes applied to the use of an adjective (or a noun) as objective predicate (see predicate), as if implying an anticipation of the result of the verb's action.
  • noun A figure consisting in anticipation of an opponent's objections and arguments in order to preclude his use of them, answer them in advance, or prepare the reader to receive them unfavorably. This figure is most frequently used in the exordium. Also called procatalepsis.
  • noun An error in chronology, consisting in dating an event before the actual time of its occurrence; an anachronism.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun A figure by which objections are anticipated or prevented.
  • noun A necessary truth or assumption; a first or assumed principle.
  • noun (Chron.) An error in chronology, consisting in an event being dated before the actual time.
  • noun (Gram.) The application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation, or to denote the result, of the action of the verb.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun rhetoric The assignment of something to a period of time that precedes it.
  • noun logic The anticipation of an objection to an argument.
  • noun grammar, rhetoric A construction that consists of placing an element in a syntactic unit before that to which it would logically correspond.
  • noun philosophy, epistemology A so-called "preconception", i.e. a pre-theoretical notion which can lead to true knowledge of the world.
  • noun botany Growth in which lateral branches develop from a lateral meristem, after the formation of a bud or following a period of dormancy, when the lateral meristem is split from a terminal meristem.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun anticipating and answering objections in advance


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Late Latin prolēpsis, from Greek, from prolambanein, to anticipate : pro-, before; see pro– + lambanein, lēp-, to take.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin prolepsis, from Ancient Greek πρόληψις (prolepsis, "preconception, anticipation"), from προλαμβάνω (prolambano, "take beforehand, anticipate")


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    July 30, 2008

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