from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in the precolonial United States.
- n. The assignment of something, such as an event or name, to a time that precedes it, as in If you tell the cops, you're a dead man.
- n. The use of a descriptive word in anticipation of the act or circumstances that would make it applicable, as dry in They drained the lake dry.
- n. The anticipation and answering of an objection or argument before one's opponent has put it forward.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The assignment of something to a period of time that precedes it.
- n. The anticipation of an objection to an argument.
- n. A construction that consists of placing an element in a syntactic unit before that to which it would logically correspond.
- n. A so-called "preconception", i.e. a pre-theoretical notion which can lead to true knowledge of the world.
- n. Growth in which lateral branches develop from a lateral meristem, after the formation of a bud or following a period of dormancy, when the lateral meristem is split from a terminal meristem.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A figure by which objections are anticipated or prevented.
- n. A necessary truth or assumption; a first or assumed principle.
- n. An error in chronology, consisting in an event being dated before the actual time.
- n. The application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation, or to denote the result, of the action of the verb.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Anticipation.
- n. In rhetoric: A name sometimes applied to the use of an adjective (or a noun) as objective predicate (see predicate), as if implying an anticipation of the result of the verb's action.
- n. A figure consisting in anticipation of an opponent's objections and arguments in order to preclude his use of them, answer them in advance, or prepare the reader to receive them unfavorably. This figure is most frequently used in the exordium. Also called procatalepsis.
- n. An error in chronology, consisting in dating an event before the actual time of its occurrence; an anachronism.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. anticipating and answering objections in advance
Cognition therefore entails recollection and the ideas of things with which the mind thinks are therefore anticipations - Cudworth adopts the Stoic term prolepsis to denote them.
It is from perception that we draw our general ideas by a kind of prolepsis (πρόληψις) an anticipation or laying hold by reason of that which is implied in sensation.
So, the logic that brought you to this point, comments etc, should also lead you to fire somebody every Friday and post a story that is part mission statement, and part journalism prolepsis.
But there is a curious prolepsis of the spermatozoa-theory.
These historians, he argued, have distorted the past through the cardinal sins of anachronism, teleology, and prolepsis.
In the word Succoth, as Moses shortly afterwards shows, there is a prolepsis.
For the solution of Augustine is weak, that Stephen, by a prolepsis, enumerates also three who afterwards were born in Egypt; for he must then have formed a far longer catalogue.
Others suppose a prolepsis, as if Jacob was speaking of a future acquisition of the land: a meaning which, though I do not reject, seems yet somewhat forced.
Moses called that country the land of Edom by the figure prolepsis, because it afterwards began to be so called.
Terah and Abram departed from their own country, that they might come into the land of Canaan: the solution is easy, if we admit a prolepsis
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