from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The position of the sword hand when the palm is facing down
- n. Walking on the inner edge of the foot.
- n. The action of rotating the forearm so that the palm of the hand is turned down or back.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of turning the palm or palmar surface of the forefoot downward.
- n. That motion of the forearm whereby the palm or palmar, surface is turned downward.
- n. The position of the limb resulting from the act of pronation. Opposed to
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act or result of pronating; the prone position of the fore limb, in which the bones of the forearm are more or less crossed, and the palm of the hand is turned downward: the opposite of supination.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Bunions develop because of abnormal pronation, which is the collapsing of the arch over a prolonged period of time.
These problems are the result of abnormal pronation, which is the excessive collapsing of the arch during walking or standing.
"This is called pronation, and it causes many problems in the foot."
The movements allowed in this articulation are limited to rotatory movements of the head of the radius within the ring formed by the annular ligament and the radial notch of the ulna; rotation forward being called pronation; rotation backward, supination.
However, compared with barefoot runners, shod runners and those in Vibrams showed more pronation, which is the natural side-to-side movement of the foot during running.
This rolling motion, called pronation, absorbs the impact caused by running and helps you balance.
The last 30 years have seen the dominance of the so-called pronation control elevated cushioned heel (PCECH) shoe.
The most likely cause is abnormal foot pronation which is collapsing of the arch of your foot.
Orthotics and over the counter arch supports are the best ways to control abnormal foot pronation and improve foot biomechanics.
Apparently, all those practice swings and deep thoughts about proper left-wrist pronation weren't helping.