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  • Refugee Convention that prohibits "refoulement" -- sending asylum seekers back to their countries where they will face torture and death. - Photown News

  • Where refugees are forced or coerced to return to their country of origin to fight, this is tantamount to refoulement, which is prohibited in all circumstances.

    2. Protection

  • Secondly and closely interrelated is the principle of non-refoulement, that is to say, that a refugee must not be forcibly returned to his country or to any other country where he has well-founded reasons to fear persecution.

    United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - Nobel Lecture

  • Irrespective of the terms of any agreement, the Dutch authorities have a binding obligation under international law not to subject anyone seeking protection to refoulement, that is, they are prohibited from forcibly returning anyone to a territory where they would face persecution, or their life would be in danger.

    AllAfrica News: Latest

  • In 2006 UNHCR expressed concern at the "refoulement" (sending back) of some of these refugees or asylum-seekers by Syria.

    Spero News

  • China signed the 1951 United Nations Refugee Convention that prohibits "refoulement" - Photown News

  • It condemns "refoulement" and mass expulsions to countries where human rights are not respected.


  • Rights against refoulement and in favor of asylum, for example, or the extension of all the municipal and domestic protections of human rights law that figure in London or Paris or Brussels applied to pirates on the high seas.

    The Volokh Conspiracy » How to Be a Hegemon

  • Protection from forced return to a county of persecution is a widely practiced custom known as non-refoulement.

    Between a Crocodile and a Snake

  • Yet despite being accepted by some as customary international law, the principal of non-refoulement goes unrecognized in Bangladesh.

    Between a Crocodile and a Snake


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  • Refoulement

    Refoulement means the expulsion of persons who have the right to be recognised as refugees. The principle of non-refoulement has first been laid out in 1954 in the UN-Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, which, in Article 33(1) provides that:

    "No Contracting State shall expel or return ('refouler') a refugee in any manner whatsoever to the frontiers of territories where his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion."

    It is important to note, that the principle of non-refoulement does not only forbid the expulsion of refugees to their country of origin but to any country in which they might be subject to persecution. The only possible exception provided for by the UN Convention is the case that the person to be expelled constitutes a danger to national security (Art 33(2)).1

    Although the principle of non-refoulement is universally accepted, problems with refoulement frequently arise through the fact, that its application requires a recognised refugee status. However, not all countries are members to the UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees or may not have established formal procedures for determining refugee status.

    1Note on Non-Refoulement (Submitted by the High Commissioner on Human Rights), (EC/SCP/2), 23rd August 1977

    November 24, 2015