from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Of, relating to, or in the region of the kidneys.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Pertaining to the kidneys.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of or pertaining to the kidneys; in the region of the kidneys.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Of or pertaining to the kidneys: as, a renal artery or vein; renal structure or function; renal disease.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. of or relating to the kidneys


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Late Latin rēnālis, from Latin rēnēs, kidneys.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Late Latin renalis ("related to the kidneys"), from renes ("kidneys").


  • Phenazopyridine (Pyridium) poisoning: possible toxicity of methylene blue administration in renal failure.


  • Renal function, as reflected by glomerular filtration rate and tubular secretion, decreases steadily with increasing age. 16 There is a 6-10 percentdecrease in renal function per decade after age 40, such that, even a healthy 70 year old male can have a 40-50percent decline of renal function. 7 Drugs which are cleared primarily by the kidneys will, therefore, take longer to be excreted.


  • The symptoms of kidney disease can be subtle — including trouble concentrating, lack of energy, nausea and poor appetite — so many people don't know they have a problem until they are in renal failure.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • She is at severe risk for long-term renal complications, including end stage renal disease (ESRD), dialysis, and transplant.

    William Marler: Raw Milk, a Potentially Risky Elixir

  • Individuals fly into Newark and present to our hospitals in renal failure, or pregnant and ready to deliver.

    Muhlenberg Hospital Sale: A Blessing in Disguise?

  • The patient was a young woman in renal failure following obstetrical complications.

    Joseph E. Murray - Nobel Lecture

  • So also with many of the other problems that I have touched upon, in renal and electrolyte physiology, as related to pulmonary disease, in blood formation, the physiology of the respiratory center, and so on.

    Dickinson W. Richards - Nobel Lecture

  • Because children with bilateral disease are at risk for developing renal failure, physicians must balance a desire to maintain long-term renal function with the goal of eliminating the cancer.


  • Background The long-term renal consequences of kidney donation by a living donor are attracting increased appropriate interest.

    Medlogs - Recent stories

  • To determine these factors, we used a United States Department of Veterans Affairs database to ascertain long-term renal function in 113,272 patients.

    Naturejobs - All Jobs


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