from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A masterless samurai.
  • n. A student who has failed the entrance examination for the high school or university of their choice and spends the next year studying to retake the exam.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. In Japan, under the feudal system, a samurai who had renounced his clan or who had been discharged or ostracized and had become a wanderer without a lord; an outcast; an outlaw.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A Japanese samurai, or two-sworded military retainer, who for any cause had renounced his clan, or who for some offense against his superior had been dismissed from service, and dispossessed of his estate, revenue, or pay; a masterless man; an outcast; an outlaw.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Japanese 浪人 (rōnin).



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