Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of, relating to, or being a mood of a verb used in some languages for contingent or hypothetical action, action viewed subjectively, or grammatically subordinate statements.
  • noun The subjunctive mood.
  • noun A subjunctive construction.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Subjoined or added to something before said or written.
  • In grammar, noting that mode of the verb by which is expressed condition, hypothesis, or contingency, and which is generally used in a clause subjoined or subordinate to another clause or verb, and preceded by one of certain conjunctions, especially (in English) if or though: as in the sentence “if that be the case, then I am wrong.”
  • noun In grammar, the subjunctive mode.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Gram.) The subjunctive mood; also, a verb in the subjunctive mood.
  • adjective Subjoined or added to something before said or written.
  • adjective (Gram.) that form of a verb which express the action or state not as a fact, but only as a conception of the mind still contingent and dependent. It is commonly subjoined, or added as subordinate, to some other verb, and in English is often connected with it by if, that, though, lest, unless, except, until, etc., as in the following sentence: “If there were no honey, they [bees] would have no object in visiting the flower.” Lubbock. In some languages, as in Latin and Greek, the subjunctive is often independent of any other verb, being used in wishes, commands, exhortations, etc.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective grammar, of a verb inflected to indicate that an act or state of being is possible, contingent or hypothetical, and not a fact. English examples include so be it; I wouldn’t if I were you; were I a younger man, I would fight back; I asked that he leave.
  • noun grammar, uncountable The subjunctive mood.
  • noun countable A form in the subjunctive mood.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a mood that represents an act or state (not as a fact but) as contingent or possible
  • adjective relating to a mood of verbs

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Late Latin subiūnctīvus, from Latin subiūnctus, past participle of subiungere, to subjoin, subordinate (translation of Greek hupotaktikos, subordinate, subjunctive); see subjoin.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin subjunctivus ("serving to join, connecting, in grammar applies to the subjunctive mode"), from subjungere ("to add, join, subjoin"), from sub ("under") + jungere ("to join, yoke"); see join.

Examples

  • Can you explain to me what the term subjunctive means?

    Archive 2007-10-01

  • Can you explain to me what the term subjunctive means?

    I see through your cunning ploy

  • Be that as it may (a subjunctive phrase) most English subjunctive is in the form of word construction.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • When I wrote that I'd like to get rid of the subjunctive in Spanish, it was said mostly tongue in cheek because, as a former Spanish teacher, I was always telling my students how important the subjunctive is in Spanish and, yes, it's used a lot, and, yes, it's used in everyday conversation, not just in writing and formal speech.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • When I wrote that I'd like to get rid of the subjunctive in Spanish, it was said mostly tongue in cheek because, as a former Spanish teacher, I was always telling my students how important the subjunctive is in Spanish and, yes, it's used a lot, and, yes, it's used in everyday conversation, not just in writing and formal speech.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • When I wrote that I'd like to get rid of the subjunctive in Spanish, it was said mostly tongue in cheek because, as a former Spanish teacher, I was always telling my students how important the subjunctive is in Spanish and, yes, it's used a lot, and, yes, it's used in everyday conversation, not just in writing and formal speech.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • Be that as it may (a subjunctive phrase) most English subjunctive is in the form of word construction.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • When I wrote that I'd like to get rid of the subjunctive in Spanish, it was said mostly tongue in cheek because, as a former Spanish teacher, I was always telling my students how important the subjunctive is in Spanish and, yes, it's used a lot, and, yes, it's used in everyday conversation, not just in writing and formal speech.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • Be that as it may (a subjunctive phrase) most English subjunctive is in the form of word construction.

    If you could change Spanish...

  • Be that as it may (a subjunctive phrase) most English subjunctive is in the form of word construction.

    If you could change Spanish...

Comments

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  • I am really getting tired of discovering new words that keep popping up out of nowhere...

    June 13, 2008

  • Oh, what has become of the subjunctive?

    May 7, 2015

  • It's still alive and healthy in my idiolect.

    May 8, 2015