from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a foot-support for a crucified person, projecting from the base of the cross
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A projection or support under the feet of a person crucified: used with special reference to Christ or a crucifix.
With a suppedaneum and a sedile, breathing was easier and the problem became dehydration and thirst, with the crucified man more likely to die from a combination of thirst and exposure, rather than asphyxia.
“The Shroud shows no evidence of a suppedaneum, or footrest,” Middagh answered.
It consists of a richly-adorned, silk-covered armchair, fastened on a suppedaneum, on each side of which are two gilded rings; through these rings pass the long rods with which twelve footmen (palafrenieri), in red uniforms, carry the throne on their shoulders.
Again in miniatures from the ninth century the figure is robed, and stands erect on the cross and on the suppedaneum.
Crucifixion there often appears beneath the feet a wooden support (, suppedaneum); that it ever existed is very doubtful.
As soon as the deacon has finished his versicle the celebrant turns back to the altar and waits; the deacon and subdeacon kneel on the suppedaneum.
a three-barred cross, of which the upper bar represents the title of the cross, the second the arms, and the lowest, which is always inclined at an angle, the suppedaneum or foot-rest.