from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act of surprising or the state of being surprised.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of surprising, or state of being surprised; surprise.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of surprising, or coming suddenly and unexpectedly, or the state of being surprised, or taken unawares; a surprise.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the act of surprising someone
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
According to Shannon surprisal, which is the information measure that D&M use, D&M’s exogenous information measures the amount of information in the success-or-failure outcome of the baseline search, not the amount of information in the search parameters.
These hypotheses and a similar surprisal hypothesis are tested using the self-paced reading methodology in Japanese, a language with a few nice properties like relatively free word order, which makes controlling the stimuli slightly easier than it is in English.
Every one of his followers started up at the command, and mingled as they were among their late allies, prepared too for such a surprisal, each had, in an instant, his next neighbour by the collar, while his right hand brandished a broad dagger that glimmered against lamplight and moonshine.
However little Quentin thought himself indebted to the King of France, who, in contriving the surprisal of the Countess Isabelle by William de la
In many other papers and books, too numerous to be listed here, the same quantity is often referred to as “surprisal.”
The same fashion in their doors the Greeks, they say, had of old universally, which appears from their comedies, where those that are going out make a noise at the door within, to give notice to those that pass by or stand near the door, that the opening the door into the street might occasion no surprisal.
Surrounded by hostile tribes, whose mode of warfare is by ambush and surprisal, he is always prepared for fight, and lives with his weapons in his hands.
In one place we read of the surprisal of an Indian fort in the night, when the wigwams were wrapped in flames, and the miserable inhabitants shot down and slain in attempting to escape, “all being despatched and ended in the course of an hour.”
A want of a due sense of surprisal into known sins; [4.]
Be they of what nature they will, -- be they in our relations, in our enjoyments, in our persons, -- of what kind they will, why, yet we may have a surprisal befall us in reference to them all; because there is no promise of God to secure the contrary, therefore it may be so.