from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A white, crystalline, aromatic compound, C10H14O, derived from thyme oil and other oils or made synthetically and used as an antiseptic, a fungicide, and a preservative.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a monoterpene phenol, C10H13OH, found in the oil extracted from thyme; used as in perfume, as an antiseptic and fungicide, and in embalming
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A phenol derivative of cymene, C10H13.OH, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties; -- called also hydroxy cymene.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The phenol of cymene, C10H13.OH, a stearoptene obtained from oil of thyme by distillation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a colorless crystalline solid used in perfume or preserving biological specimens or in embalming or medically as a fungicide or antiseptic
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Distinctive thyme species and varieties are rich in the phenolic compound called thymol.
It is a natural source of the antiseptic thymol, which is an ingredient in modern mouthwashes, and in the past was given to treat infections of the mouth and throat.
A primary constituent, thymol, is the main active antiseptic ingredient in Listerine mouthwash.
Oregano oil contains two natural antiseptic compounds, carvacol and thymol.
Other major constituents include limonene (lemony), thymol (thyme-like), cadinene (green-like) and germacrene (spicy and woody).
Greek oreganos are typically rich in carvacrol, while milder Italian, Turkish, and Spanish oreganos contain more thyme-like thymol and fresh, green, floral, and woody terpenes.
Mandarins tend to be relatively small and flat, with a reddish, easily peeled rind and a distinctive, rich aroma that has notes of thyme and Concord grape thymol, methyl anthranilate.
Ajwain Ajwain Trachyspermum ammi is a close relative of caraway, used in North Africa and Asia, especially India, and can be thought of as a seed version of thyme: it carries the essence of thyme, thymol, in a caraway-like seed.
Lambs and sheep store a number of unusual molecules, including branched-chain fatty acids that their livers produce from a compound generated by the microbes in their rumen, and thymol, the same molecule that gives thyme its aroma.
Despite its gentler aroma, thymol is as powerful a chemical as carvacrol, which is why thyme oil has long been used as an antimicrobial agent in mouthwashes and skin creams.