Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A colorless aromatic liquid, C10H12O2, made from clove oil and used as a dental analgesic and in perfumery.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The aromatic compound with chemical formula C10H12O2, an allyl chain-substituted guaiacol of the phenylpropanoids, found in essential oils such as clove, nutmeg, and cinnamon.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A colorless, aromatic, liquid hydrocarbon, C10H12O2 resembling the phenols, and hence also called eugenic acid. It is found in the oils of pimento and cloves.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A colorless oily compound, contained in oil of cloves, oil of bay, oil of cinnamon-leaves, oil of allspice, oil of cassia, oil of pimento, and in certain other essential oils. It boils at 247.5° C. and has a spicy odor. Also called 1-propenylphendiol-3-methyl ether.

Etymologies

New Latin Eugenia, genus of the clove plant (after Eugene, Prince of Savoy (1663-1736), Austrian general) + -ol(e).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Eugenia, the clove genus, and -ol. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Their distinctiveness results from a high content of the phenolic compound called eugenol, which has a unique aroma that is both somewhat sweet and very penetrating.

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • She douses another strip in eugenol, which smells of cloves.

    The Tastemaker in Her Flavor Factory

  • Quieter drills and citrus-scented candles help mask the typical sounds and smells of dentistry; some practices have stopped using eugenol, the clove-scented antiseptic; others even bake cookies to introduce a soothing aroma.

    More Dentists Taking Pains to Win Back Fearful Patients

  • For example, citronellol, been shown to be an antioxidant while geraniol and eugenol have antibacterial properties.

    Archive 2007-12-01

  • But basil is harvested after the methyl eugenol has gone, and in any case the carcinogenic effects have only been recorded in animals so far, and then after massive doses.

    Delizia!

  • Some young basil plants do contain methyl eugenol, it seems—they need it to protect themselves from insects.

    Delizia!

  • Scientists campaigning in support of using genetically modified organisms in agriculture cited research suggesting that basil plants below a height of about four inches contain a carcinogen, methyl eugenol.

    Delizia!

  • Other common lip balm ingredients to avoid are irritants like sopropyl myristate, eugenol, and phenol.

    Boing Boing: December 3, 2006 - December 9, 2006 Archives

  • Quantitative analysis, by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, identified guaiacol, 4-methylguaiacol, 4-ethylguaiacol, 4-ethylphenol, eugenol, and furfural in each of the wines made from smoked grapes.

    When Smoke Gets in Your Grapes

  • The pairing of eugenol and resins creates a deep reaction, perhaps connected to the history of incense and Chinese herbal medicine which is quite appropriate with the name borrowing from one of the most ancient and potent drugs used in human history it was used as far back as in the Sumerian civilization, which is also the oldest civilization to have used incense.

    Archive 2008-06-01

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.