from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A series of contests in which a number of contestants compete and the one that prevails through the final round or that finishes with the best record is declared the winner.
  • n. A medieval martial sport in which two groups of mounted and armored combatants fought against each other with blunted lances or swords.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. During the Middle Ages, a series of battles and other contests designed to prepare knights for war.
  • n. A series of games; either the same game played many times, or a succession of games related by a single theme; played competitively to determine a single winning team or individual.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A mock fight, or warlike game, formerly in great favor, in which a number of combatants were engaged, as an exhibition of their address and bravery; hence, figuratively, a real battle.
  • n. Any contest of skill in which there are many contestents for championship.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n.
  • n. A tourney. See tourney and just.
  • n. In later times, a contest of skill in which men on horseback riding at full speed strove to carry off on their spears a certain number of rings hung just over their heads.
  • n. Encounter; shock of battle.
  • n. Any contest of skill in which a number of persons take part: as, a chess tournament.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a series of jousts between knights contesting for a prize
  • n. a sporting competition in which contestants play a series of games to decide the winner


Middle English tournement, a medieval sport, from Old French torneiement, from torneier, to tourney; see tourney.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old French tornoiement (Modern French tournoiement) from the verb tornoier. (Wiktionary)



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