from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A comrade.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Alternative form of tovarish.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a comrade (especially in Russian communism)


Russian tovarishch, from Old Russian tovarishchĭ, sing. of tovarishchi, business associates, from Old Turkic tavar ishchi, businessman, merchant : tavar, wealth, trade + ishchi, one who works (from ish, work, business).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Russian товарищ, from Turkic. (Wiktionary)



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  • This has also been lent into Finnish: toveri = comrade.

    November 13, 2013