Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A couch facing three sides of a rectangular table, used by the ancient Greeks, Etruscans, and Romans for reclining at meals.
  • n. A room containing such a couch or couches; a dining room.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A couch for reclining at mealtimes, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts.
  • n. A dining room furnished with such a triple couch.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A couch for reclining at meals, extending round three sides of a table, and usually in three parts.
  • n. A dining room furnished with such a triple couch.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Among the Romans, the dining-room where guests were received, furnished with three couches, which occupied three sides of the dinner-table, the fourth side being left open for the free ingress and egress of servants.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a dining room (especially a dining room containing a dining table with couches along three sides)
  • n. a dining table with couches along three sides in ancient Rome

Etymologies

Latin trīclīnium, from Greek triklīnion, diminutive of triklīnos, room with three couches : tri-, three; + klīnē, couch.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin triclīnium, from Ancient Greek τρικλίνιον (triklinion). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • To the right of the triclinium is a very elegant chamber, and another, which you may call either a very large chamber (_cubiculum_), or moderate-sized eating-room (_cœnatio_), which commands a full prospect both of the sun and sea.

    Museum of Antiquity A Description of Ancient Life

  • Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Napoli e Pompei/Fotografica Foglia\ A bronze brazier Off the atrium, a nearly full complement of burnt-sienna and ocher walls was discovered in the triclinium , or dining room, of a country villa near Castellammare di Stabia; their frescoed panels portray Neptune carrying Amymone away on a galloping stallion, Dionysus and Ceres reclining on a seahorse skimming blue waters and a triumphal Dionysian procession led by a satyr.

    The Gracious Art of Living

  • She may even have been responsible for commissioning the unique design and decoration of the triclinium.66

    Caesars’ Wives

  • As we were quickly escorted through the frescoed rooms, we stopped in the triclinium – the dining room which had once seen so many famous faces smiling, laughing, even crying for mercy.

    Q&A and Giveaway with Michelle Moran

  • This villa has an atrium, a courtyard containing a pool, a triclinium with views of the Bay of Naples, a colonnaded courtyard, and a private bath complex.

    2008 February 06 archive at eternallycool.net

  • Using Vitruvius, panelists will discuss the domus and insula of ancient Rome, then move to a discussion of the triclinium and Roman dining customs based on Martial.

    Archive 2005-09-01

  • Also included in the exhibition are unusual stucco decorations from the Villa Petraro, an estate with a working farm, and the triclinium, or dining room, from the nearby Villa Carmiano.

    Museums: Vesuvian Villas

  • In large houses, a second large room with three or more apses, forming the third type of representative space, was sometimes located next to this triclinium.

    Interactive Dig Sagalassos - Domestic Area Report 2

  • We've discovered in the triclinium room that the partition wall never existed and that the original house already occupied the space that would later become service quarters.

    Interactive Dig Pompeii - Field Notes: August 18, 2003

  • Elsewhere, water features were created in the inn, as in the triclinium space, but they used cleverly managed rainwater to create their effects.

    Interactive Dig Pompeii - Field Notes: August 23, 2001

Comments

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  • with room to roman (roam in) ??

    November 15, 2010