Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A widely cultivated tropical plant (Curcuma longa) of India, having yellow flowers and an aromatic, somewhat fleshy rhizome.
  • noun The powdered rhizome of this plant, used as a spice and a yellow dye.
  • noun Any of several other plants having similar rhizomes.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun The rhizome of Curcuma longa, a plant of the ginger family, native and long cultivated in the East Indies.
  • noun The plant producing turmeric.
  • noun The bloodroot, Sanguinaria Canadensis.
  • noun In Australia, either of two species of trees: Zieria Smithii, the stinkwood of Tasmania, which see, under stinkwood ; and Hakea dactyloides, an evergreen shrub of the family Proteaceæ.
  • Noting an acid, a compound, C11H14O2, formed by the oxidation of turmerol by means of potassium permanganate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Bot.) An East Indian plant of the genus Curcuma, of the Ginger family.
  • noun The root or rootstock of the Curcuma longa. It is externally grayish, but internally of a deep, lively yellow or saffron color, and has a slight aromatic smell, and a bitterish, slightly acrid taste. It is used for a dye, a medicine, a condiment, and a chemical test.
  • adjective (Chem.) Of or pertaining to turmeric; resembling, or obtained from, turmeric; specif., designating an acid obtained by the oxidation of turmerol.
  • adjective (Chem.) paper impregnated with turmeric and used as a test for alkaline substances, by which it is changed from yellow to brown.
  • adjective (Bot.) Orangeroot.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun An Indian plant, Curcuma longa, with aromatic rhizomes, part of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae).
  • noun The pulverized rhizome of the turmeric plant, used for stimulation, flavoring and to add a bright yellow color to food.
  • noun A yellow to reddish-brown dye extracted from the turmeric plant.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • noun ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Alteration of Middle English termeryte; akin to French terre mérite and New Latin terra merita, turmeric (New Latin, from Latin terra, earth; see ters- in Indo-European roots + merita, feminine past participle of merēre, to deserve; see (s)mer- in Indo-European roots).]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English / early modern English turmeryte, tarmaret, of uncertain origin. Possibly from Middle French terremérite ("worthy earth").

Examples

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • See also: tumeric.

    October 2, 2008

  • Curcuma domestica (see above) is a synonym of Curcuma longa (see here, here and here). Cf. curcuma.

    December 7, 2011

  • Usage on long pepper.

    October 9, 2017