from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adv. That is; namely. Used to introduce examples, lists, or items.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adv. That is to say; viz.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adv. To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To wit; that is; namely: abbreviated to vis., which is usually read ‘namely.’

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adv. as follows


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Latin vidēlicet, contraction of vidēre licet, it is permitted to see : vidēre, to see; see vide + licet, third person sing. present tense of licēre, to be permitted.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Latin, from vide- (stem of videre ("see")) + licet ("it is permissible").


  • [5] Vizt is the abbreviation for the Latin word "videlicet"; it means "namely."

    Letter from Robert Carter to John Pemberton, July 13, 1732

  • (Survey Report 6801 summarizing Adm 68/195, 154r, found in the microfilms of the Virginia Colonial Records Project, Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library, University of Virginia.) [5] Vizt. is the abbreviation for the Latin word "videlicet"; it means "namely."

    Letter from Robert Carter to William Dawkins, May 25 and July 8, 1728

  • Ann - you have something against the word videlicet, or just its abbreviation?

    In which I say who won last night's debate and almost abandon my cruel neutrality pose.

  • "But God is a just God," wrote Sir Edward Stafford, "and if with all things past, that be true that the king ( 'videlicet' Henry IV.) yesterday assured me to be true, and that both his ambassador from Venice writ to him and Monsieur de Luxembourg from Rome, that the Count Olivarez had made a great instance to the pope (Sixtus V.) a little afore his death, to permit his master to marry his daughter, no doubt God will not leave it long unpunished."

    History of the United Netherlands, 1592-94

  • We still see the remains of this system in abbreviations such as viz. (videlicet, i.e., “namely”) and Rx (recipe), where the “z” and the “x” represent the squiggle showing that the last letters of the word had been dropped.

    A Brief History of Shorthand - Paper Cuts Blog -

  • They, videlicet the two horses, seeming perfectly to understand that the rule of the place was,

    Anne of Geierstein

  • Jack, thy wit being blinded, and full of gross vapors, by reason of the perturbations of fear (which, like anger, is a short madness, and raises in the phantasy vain spectres, — videlicet, of sharks and Spaniards), mistakes our lucidity.

    Westward Ho!

  • Scip. fit enim fere ut cogitationes nostrae et sermones pariant aliquid in somno, quale de Homero scribit Ennius, de quo videlicet saepissime vigilans solebat cogitare et loqui.

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • Moreover, I was greatly vexed with my own hesitation, stupidity, or shyness, or whatever else it was, which had held me back from saying, ere she told her story, what was in my heart to say, videlicet, that I must die unless she let me love her.

    Lorna Doone

  • Est sub isto altari crypta, 42. granduum profunda, vbi sancta Helena Regina reperit tres cruces, videlicet Christi, et latronum cum eo crucifixorum, ac etiam clauos crucis Domini in cryptæ pariete.

    The Voyages and Travels of Sir John Mandeville


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