Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Mathematics A bar drawn over two or more algebraic terms to indicate that they are to be treated as a single term.
  • n. Anatomy A ligament that limits the movement of an organ or part.
  • n. A bond or tie.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A bond or link signifying union.
  • n. Any symbol used to group some of the terms in an expression, indicating that that part of the calculation should be done before other parts.
  • n. A horizontal line over the top of some of the terms in an expression, indicating that that part of the calculation is to be done before other parts.
  • n. Specifically, the horizontal line between the numerator and denominator in a fraction.
  • n. A ligament that limits the movement of an organ or part.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A bond of union; a tie.
  • n. A straight, horizontal mark placed over two or more members of a compound quantity, which are to be subjected to the same operation, as in the expression x2 + y2 - x + y.
  • n. A band or bundle of fibers; a frænum.
  • n. A commissure uniting the two main tendons in the foot of certain birds.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A bond of union; a bond; a tie.
  • n. In algebra, a character in the form of a stroke or brace drawn over a quantity when it consists of several terms, in order to connect them together as one quantity and show that they are to be multiplied or divided, etc., together: thus, , indicates that the sum of a and b is to be multiplied by c; whereas the expression without this character would indicate simply that b is to be multiplied by c, and the product added to adjective
  • n. In printing, a brace.
  • n. In anatomy, a tendinous or ligamentous band uniting certain parts; a frenum.

Etymologies

Latin, bond, tie, from vincīre, to tie.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin vinculum ("bond, link"), from vinciō ("bind, fetter, tie") + -ulum. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Located in the core of each major Borg vessel is a singular device known as a vinculum.

    The Starfleet Survival Guide

  • The vinculum is the primary node aboard each ship that connects its drones to the Borg collective mind and to the various systems and subsystems of each individual vessel.

    The Starfleet Survival Guide

  • It is the marriage bond or "vinculum" which is the essence of the marriage state or permanent marriage contract, not the use of the marriage rights.

    Mary Victrix

  • In the environment of liquids and nasals a parasitic vowel sometimes develops; as, -- vinculum for earlier vinclum.

    New Latin Grammar

  • Then, is she not injured by the legislative removal of the sanctity of marriage, by which the man is less bound to her -- thinks less of the bond -- the _vinculum matrimoniæ_ being, in his mind, one of straw, to her one of iron.

    Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine — Volume 54, No. 337, November, 1843

  • Third, by the repetition of the note with a vinculum or tie, the second note not being sung or played.

    Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 22, August, 1878

  • The break between man and this Catarrhine monkey covers quite a series of links in the genetic vinculum; [37] and yet between the two we find no high form of a low type fitting into a low form of a high type, as we manifestly should, to account for all the diversified changes that must have taken place in the interim.

    Life: Its True Genesis

  • The great trouble with Mr. Darwin's _vinculum_ is, that its weakest links are precisely where the strongest should be found, and _vice versa_.

    Life: Its True Genesis

  • Nam votum impium et factum contra mandata Dei non valet, neque enim debet votum vinculum esse iniquitatis, ut Canon dicit.

    The Creeds of the Evangelical Protestant Churches.

  • [1844] Magistratu civili subveniri possit, sufficiens causa nulla esse potest conjugii vinculum dissolvendi.

    The Creeds of the Evangelical Protestant Churches.

Comments

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  • In mathematics, a bar drawn over two or more algebraic terms to indicate that they are to be treated as a single term.

    April 3, 2008