from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A larval form of crabs and other decapod crustaceans, characterized by one or more spines on the carapace and rudimentary limbs on the abdomen and thorax.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Alternative spelling of zoaea.
The first larval stage is called a zoea and, as a zoea, they will go through seven molts.
The photo shows the zoea, which represents the offshore larval stage
Thus Fritz Müller has made the remarkable discovery that certain shrimp-like crustaceans (allied to Penus) first appear under the simple nauplius-form, and after passing through two or more zoea-stages, and then through the mysis-stage, finally acquire their mature structure: now in the whole great malacostracan order, to which these crustaceans belong, no other member is as yet known to be first developed under the nauplius-form, though many appear as zoeas; nevertheless Müller assigns reasons for his belief, that if there had been no suppression of development, all these crustaceans would have appeared as nauplii.