American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- The Byzantine Empire.
- An ancient city of Thrace on the site of present-day Istanbul, Turkey. It was founded by the Greeks in the seventh century B.C. and taken by the Romans in A.D. 196. Constantine I ordered the rebuilding of the city in 330 and renamed it Constantinople.
- n. The ancient Greek city situated on the Bosporus, named Constantinople in 330 CE, and now known as Istanbul.
- n. rare The Byzantine Empire.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An ancient city on the Bosporus founded by the Greeks. It was later renamed
Constaninoplein honor of the emperor Constantine, and renamed Istanbulby the Turks, which name it still retains.
- n. a continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395
- n. an ancient city on the Bosporus founded by the Greeks; site of modern Istanbul; in 330 Constantine I rebuilt the city and called it Constantinople and made it his capital
“Penniless, Theodora became a child comic actor and prostitute in Byzantium with a racy repertoire of sexy acts (at least according to the rather hostile historian of the period, Procopius) before marrying the future emperor, Justinian.”
“Life of the Emperor who saved Byzantium from the Persians but could not fend off the Moslem advance.”
“Byzantium from the Persians, which thus left the Euxine free to Athenian ships, from which the Greeks derived their chief supplies of foreign corn,”
“While Obama is spending half his time in Turkey in the new capital of Ankara, it is Istanbul, a city founded nearly 2700 years ago as Byzantium, that is more symbolically potent.”
“ Formerly called Byzantium, then Constantinople, the city was the capital consecutively of the eastern branch of the Roman Empire, of the Byzantine Empire, and of the Ottoman Empire.”
“Cathedrals arose in the midst of the vast ruins of Imperial antiquity, here they developed strange similarities to foreign styles, domes suggesting the East, Greek motives recalling Byzantium, and details reminiscent of Syria.”
“Constantinople, anciently called Byzantium, and the countries over which the Greek emperors residing in that city reigned, were subdued by the powerful caliphs of Bagdad, while those of Spain and the West were endeavouring to push their conquests over the fairest portions of”
“This city was originally called Byzantium, and was a flourishing Greek commercial center six hundred years before Christ.”
“ An older town called Byzantium was utilized by Constantine as the basis of his new imperial city.”
“Janos and the events which occurred during the wars between that hero, known also as Corvinus or the crow-like, and Mahommed the second, he who captured Constantinople, better known as Byzantium, before the Christian epoch.”
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