from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- Formerly (1958-1961) United Arab RepublicEgypt A country of northeast Africa and the Sinai Peninsula on the Mediterranean Sea. In ancient times it was a flourishing kingdom and one of the earliest known civilizations, known for its development of hieroglyphic writing and its achievements in agriculture, art, and architecture. It reached its height during the XVIII dynasty (1570-1342? B.C.) and declined after the seventh century B.C., falling to various conquerors including the Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Turks, French, and British. Although nominally independent after 1922, it remained a British protectorate until 1936. A military coup in 1952 overthrew King Farouk I's constitutional monarchy, and a republic was established the following year. Cairo is the capital and the largest city. Population: 80,300,000.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A country in North Africa. Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt.
- proper n. A civilization based around the river Nile, on its lower reaches nearer the Mediterranean.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. a country at the northeastern corner of Africa. At one time it was joined with Syria to form the United Arab Republic.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an ancient empire to the west of Israel; centered on the Nile River and ruled by a Pharaoh; figured in many events described in the Old Testament
- n. a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC
From Middle French Egypte, from Latin Ægyptus, from Ancient Greek Αἴγυπτος (Aígyptos), from Mycenaean Greek *aikupitos (nb. 𐁁𐀓𐀠𐀴𐀍 (aikupitijo) 'Egyptian'), from Late Egyptian Hikuptah 'Memphis', from Middle Egyptian ḥȝ.t kȝ ptḥ (Ḥaʔat-Kuʔ-Patāḥa), literally, 'The Temple of the Soul of Ptah', initially referring to Ptah's temple in the city of Memphis, a capital during the Middle Kingdom. (Wiktionary)