from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- A river of southwest Asia flowing about 2,735 km (1,700 mi) from central Turkey through Syria and into Iraq, where it joins the Tigris River to form the Shatt al Arab. Its waters were a major source of irrigation for the flourishing civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. The river in the Middle East, 2780 kilometers in length, flowing southwest from Turkey, then southeast, and uniting with the Tigris before entering the Persian Gulf. It forms the Western edge of classical Mesopotamia.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- proper n. an Asia river flowing into the Persian Gulf.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
From Ancient Greek Εὐφράτης (Euphrátēs), from Old Persian 𐎢𐎳𐎼𐎠𐎬𐎢 (Ufrātu), from Elamite ú-ip-ra-tu-iš. Related is Akkadian purattu (cf. Classical Syriac ܦܪܬ (P(ə)rāṯ)). (Wiktionary)