American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A French Protestant of the 16th and 17th centuries.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A member of the Reformed or Calvinistic communion of France in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The Huguenots were the Puritans of France, noted in general for their austere virtues and the singular purity of their lives. They were persecuted in the reign of Francis I. and his immediate successors, and after 1562 were frequently at war with the Catholics, under the lead of such men as Admiral Coligny and the King of Navarre (afterward Henry IV. of France). In spite of these wars and the massacre of St. Bartholomew. August 24th, 1572, they continued numerous and powerful, and the edict of Nantes, issued by Henry IV. (1598), secured to them full political and civil rights. Their political power was broken after the surrender of La Rochelle in 1628, and the revocation of the edict of Nantes by Louis XIV. (1685) and the subsequent persecutions forced hundreds of thousands into exile to Prussia, the Netherlands, Switzerland England, etc. Many settled in the colonies of New York, Virginia, etc., but especially in South Carolina. The name is sometimes applied at the present day to the descendants of the original Huguenots.
- n. historical A member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France during the 16th and 17th century.
- adj. Of, like or relating to Huguenotism or Huguenots.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eccl. Hist.) A French Protestant of the period of the religious wars in France in the 16th century.
- n. a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries
- From French huguenot ("Huguenot; also, a personal name and surname"), diminutive of Hugo, Hugon, Hugues, from Middle High German Hūg, Hūc ("Hugh, a man's name"), from Middle High German huge ("mind"), from Old High German hugu ("mind, thought"), from Proto-Germanic *huguz, *hugiz (“mind”), of unknown origin. Cognate with Old English hyge ("thought, mind, heart, disposition, intention, courage, pride"). (Wiktionary)
- French, from Old French huguenot, member of a Swiss political movement, alteration (influenced by Bezanson Hugues (c. 1491-1532?), Swiss political leader) of dialectal eyguenot, from German dialectal Eidgenosse, confederate, from Middle High German eitgenōz : eit, oath (from Old High German eid) + genōz, companion (from Old High German ginōz). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Now every shepherd, every shepherd lass, At the word Huguenot shuddered with affright, Even 'midst their laughing courtship.”
“Protestants "-- tells us that, having at one time accepted the derivation from" eidgenossen "as the most plausible, he subsequently returned to that which connects the word Huguenot with Hugues or Hugh Capet.”
“The article in this number of the Continental entitled The Huguenot”
“The eyes of the two met an instant, and those of Foucauld -- so the King called his Huguenot favourite -- betrayed some surprise; for Count Hannibal and he were not intimate.”
“They would not let me see him, told me that his crime of harboring a Huguenot was a grave one, that he had violated the King's edict, and might be charged even with treason.”
“The Huguenot is the same now he was in the time of”
“Huguenot when I was in high school and gave tours on what was called Huguenot Day.”
“Montaigne’s reflections were prompted by meeting on the road a gentleman of “good appearance” who was “on the other side from us”—that is, a Huguenot—but who pretended to be a Catholic.”
“He recovered, but with no power in his hand: and from that time his comrades called him "Huguenot": he is still living now.”
“To-night she asked him the meaning of a word, title of a Tauchnitz novel she had been reading -- Juggernaut; but, being on his deaf side, he caught 'Huguenot' instead, and gave her a laboured explanation, strangled by appalling grammar.”
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