American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A North American sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus) having yellow, rayed flower heads and edible tubers.
- n. The tuber of this plant, eaten as a vegetable. Also called sunchoke.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See artichoke, etc.
- n. a variety of sunflower, Helianthus tuberosus, native to North America, having yellow flower heads and edible tubers
- n. the tuber of this plant, eaten as a vegetable; the sunchoke
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) One of the tubers themselves.
- n. tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers
- n. edible tuber of the Jerusalem artichoke
- n. sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as Saratoga chips
- Italian girasole, sunflower, mistaken for "Jerusalem" via folk etymology + artichoke (Wiktionary)
- By folk etymology from Italian girasole, sunflower; see girasol. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“With respect to field culture of vegetables for cattle, instead of the carrot and potato recommended by yourself and the magazine, & the best of others, we find the Jerusalem artichoke best for winter, & the Succory for Summer use.”
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