Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • A city of western Russia east-southeast of Yekaterinburg. Founded in the 17th century, it is a trade center in a rich agricultural area. Population: 334,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. city in Siberia, Russia, administrative centre of Kurgan oblast. Originally called Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Царёво Городище - Tsarjóvo Gorodíšče n.) (1662 - 1782).

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One of the prehistoric burial-mounds in Russia, found from the Carpathians eastward into Siberia.

Etymologies

From Russian курган, from Turkic (compare Turkish kurgan ‘fortress’). (Wiktionary)

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