Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 B.C. and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 B.C.
  • n. The culture that produced these tumuli or barrows.
  • n. A member of the people or peoples sharing this culture. The earliest Kurgans are considered by some to be speakers of Proto-Indo-European.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A prehistoric burial mound once used by peoples in Siberia and Central Asia.

Etymologies

Russian, fortified place, grave mound, from Old Turkic kurghan, fortified place.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Russian курган (kurgan), from Turkic (compare Turkish kurgan ("fortress")). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The word kurgan means "barrow" or "artificial mound" in Turkic and Russian.

    Archive 2007-05-01

  • January 11th, 2007 at 4: 56 pm it will never compare to the origianal. adrian paul is cool and all but chris lamburt and sean conor ruled and the kurgan was awsome and all the queen music. for its day highlander 1 ruled!

    Highlander: The Source - SciFiChick.com

  • Though the site had been looted in antiquity, many artifacts survived, including those found within a single burial mound known as kurgan 1.

    At the Museums

  • Watanabex says: say what? kurgan does that really exist?

    IRON MAN HAS A CROTCH

  • But meanwhile, Reid sent me this story about a "new" mummy from a kurgan or burial mound in the Altai region of Mongolia.

    Mummies, Kurgans, Balbals

  • "Two horses with saddles and weapons and also vessels were also found in the burial mound, or kurgan."

    Mummies, Kurgans, Balbals

  • The kurgan, about 69 feet in diameter, has been radiocarbon dated to 2500-2300 B.C.

    Cudgel Culture

  • Hoping to find similar burials, we were drawn to Kazakhstan's Bukhtarma Valley, high in the Altai Mountains, where in 1996 we selected a kurgan near the village of Berel 'for excavation.

    Scythian Steeds

  • The sacrificed horses were placed in the north half of the kurgan, while a coffin lay in the south half.

    Scythian Steeds

  • A dozen horses sacrificed nearly 2,500 years ago in full-dress regalia have been recovered frozen in a Scythian kurgan, or tumulus, near the village of

    Equus on Ice

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