from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 B.C. and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 B.C.
- n. The culture that produced these tumuli or barrows.
- n. A member of the people or peoples sharing this culture. The earliest Kurgans are considered by some to be speakers of Proto-Indo-European.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A prehistoric burial mound once used by peoples in Siberia and Central Asia.
Russian, fortified place, grave mound, from Old Turkic kurghan, fortified place.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Russian курган (kurgan), from Turkic (compare Turkish kurgan ("fortress")). (Wiktionary)