Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A part of an early Christian or an Oriental church or basilica, at the end furthest from the bema or sanctuary, and nearest to the main entrance. It was originally separated from the nave merely by a railing or screen; but after the earliest Christian centuries it was generally divided from the church proper by a complete wall, in which were the main entrance-doors to the church, the narthex thus forming a capacious, and lofty vestibule of the full width of the church. In primitive times the narthex was the part of the church to which the catechumens, the energumens, and the class of penitents called
audientesor hearers were admitted. Sometimes it was set apart for the women of the congregation. Occasionally it was double, in which case the inner division was called the esonarthex and the outer division the exonarthex. In the church-building of western Europe, in certain types of monastic churches, notably in those of the Benedictines and Cistercians, the narthex persisted until the end of the twelfth century, and often formed a very important architectural feature, as in the splendid example in the great abbey-church of Vézelay, France. Also called antechurch, antenave, pronaos. See diagram under bema.
- n. In antiquity, a small box or casket for unguents or perfumes.
- n. An old genus of umbelliferous plants, now referred to Ferula. See asafetida.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A tall umbelliferous plant (Ferula communis). See Giant fennel, under fennel.
- n. (Arch.) The portico in front of ancient churches; sometimes, the atrium or outer court surrounded by ambulatories; -- used, generally, for any vestibule, lobby, or outer porch, leading to the nave of a church.
- n. portico at the west end of an early Christian basilica or church
- n. a vestibule leading to the nave of a church
“Narthex was a delicious word, but were there other wonderful and better scoring words I failed to make in the waiting?”
“Narthex is a delicious word, but were there wonderful words I failed to make in the waiting?”
“There are free booklets in the Narthex that are helpful aids to use in examining your conscience in order to prepare yourself to make a confession.”
“On Voter Registration Sunday, churches can set up voter registration tables in the Narthex or the Fellowship Hall or can pass out voter registration cards in the worship service.”
“The plant has been variously identified as Thapsia garganica or silphion, and Narthex silphium.”
“--- This drug of commerce is procured from the milky juice of _Ferula asafoetida_, a plant recently described by Dr. Falconer, under the name of _Narthex asafoetida_.”
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.
“Narthex, as the division of the sexes during worship is rigidly maintained.”
“The Narthex gives accommodation to catechumens and penitents, where the”
“Late comers usually content themselves with a place in the Narthex in order not to disturb the service.”
“The Narthex is in some cases vaulted, as are also the aisles, so called, over which are galleries for the accommodation of the female portion of the congregation; where these are awanting, women are accommodated in the”
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