American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- An ancient city of Bithynia in northwest Asia Minor. Dating from the fourth century B.C., it flourished during Roman times. The Nicene Creed was adopted at an ecumenical council convened here by Constantine I in A.D. 325.
- n. historical An ancient city in Bithynia in Asia Minor, important during Roman and Byzantine times, on the site of modern-day İznik, Turkey, to which it gave its name. Famous as the site of first council of Nicaea in 325 AD, which composed the Nicene Creed.
- n. the first ecumenical council in 325 which produced the wording of the Nicene Creed and condemned the heresy of Arianism
- n. an ancient city in Bithynia; founded in the 4th century BC and flourished under the Romans; the Nicene Creed was adopted there in 325
- n. the seventh ecumenical council in 787 which refuted iconoclasm and regulated the veneration of holy images
- Via Latin Nīcaea, from Ancient Greek Νίκαια (Nikaia), from νίκη (nikē, "victory"). (Wiktionary)
“Meanwhile, we came to Nicaea, which is the capital of all Romania, on the fourth day, the day before the Nones of May, and there encamped.”
“But it is another thing altogether to say that the doctrine of the Trinity itself was known to the Church all along before Nicaea, which is equally clearly false.”
“And he shall go though Turkey to the port of Chiutok and to the city of Nicaea, which is but seven miles thence.”
“The point of definitions such as Nicaea's is to be more specific about the unchanging truth, in such a way as to make clearer that aspect of the truth which the heretics deny.”
“Ecumenical (general, theoretically universal) councils such as Nicaea (325), Constantinople I (381), Ephesus (431), and Chalcedon (451) tried to resolve conflicts and to define doctrine.”
“Relics became ingrained in Catholic Church orthodoxy at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787, when a law was passed stating that every church should have a relic at its altar.”
“The first major city that the armies of the First Crusade sieged on their way to Jerusalem was Nicaea (now Iznik) in northwest Asia Minor.”
“Nicaea was then the capital of the Seljuk Turks who had captured it from the Byzantine in 1077.”
“During his life, he was persecuted by the Romans, under Emperor Diocletian, and attended the Council of Nicaea – a meeting that would declare the divinity of Jesus Christ and unify Christianity.”
“It is fascinating to see, in part 2 of the book, how the ecumenical resolution in favor of sacred images proclaimed at the Second Council of Nicaea (787) was still being both critiqued and reformulated by theologians in the twentieth century.”
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