- n. linguistics A writing system, similar to a syllabary, in which there is one glyph (that is a symbol or letter) for each consonant or consonantal phoneme. Some languages that use abjads are Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, and Urdu. Abjads differ from syllabaries (such as the Japanese hiragana) in that the vowel quality of each letter is left unspecified, and must be inferred from context and grammar.
- Coined by Peter T. Daniels from the first four letters of the Arabic alphabet, a-b-j-d: أبجد (ʔábjad). Compare Greek α,β,γ,δ... (Wiktionary)
“Arabic uses a writing system that we haven't seen yet: an abjad, which is basically an alphabet that doesn't have any vowels-the reader must supply them.”
“According to the abjad system of reckoning, the numerical value of Tá is nine, which equals the numerical value of the name Bahá.”
“According to the abjad reckoning, the numerical value of each of these letters is 6, 1 and 6 respectively.”
“The abjad numerical value of this Arabic letter is five, which corresponds to the potential number of intercalary days.”
“Tá", which is its equivalent in the abjad notation (see Glossary).”
“The term "alphabet" is something of a misnomer here, though, as Hebrew script is not in fact an alphabet, but an abjad; that is, a script with only consonants.”
“However, the Hebrew script is not a pure abjad, either, and the characters alef, he, vav, and yod are sometimes (in the case of vav and yod, frequently) used to represent vowels.”
“There are actually excellent calligraphic examples of another middle-eastern abjad.”
“This contrasts with an alphabet proper (in which vowels have a status equal to that of consonants) and with an abjad”
“What we call ktav ivri is a cuneiform script, is an abjad offshoot of the ancient Semitic alphabet, barely discernible from the Phoenician alphabet from which it was derived.”
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This used to be my nym list, but there are so many words about words, I think it's time to expand and open.
optic to coptic
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