Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several tropical American mammals of the family Myrmecophagidae that lack teeth and feed on ants and termites, especially the giant anteater.
  • n. Any of several other animals, including the echidna, aardvark, and pangolin, that feed on ants.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of several animals, in suborder Vermilingua, which are noted for eating ants and termites which they catch with their long sticky tongues.
  • n. A common term used of some other unrelated species that feed with ants, including pangolin (scaly anteater), echidna (spiny anteater), aardvark and numbat (banded anteater).

Etymologies

ant +‎ eater (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • Anteaters prefer termites to ants.

    May 7, 2008

  • Usage note:
    "...leaving them on a broad veranda with a number of domesticated creatures on it, marmosets of three different kinds, an old bald toucan, a row of sleepy parrots, something hairy in the background that might have been a sloth or an anteater or even a doormat but that it farted from time to time, looking around censoriously on each occasion, and a strikingly elegant blue heron that walked in and out."
    --Patrick O'Brian, The Far Side of the World, 177

    February 21, 2008