American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A narrow convex molding often having the form of beading.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In architecture: A small convex molding cut into the form of string of beads, used in classical architecture, especially in connection with the egg-and-dart molding and between the faces of different projection of Ionic and Corinthian epistyle and coffering beams. A small plain convex molding, usually with a fillet beneath it, sometimes between two fillets, used between the capital and the shaft of classic orders, except the Greek Doric, and in many other positions in classic, medieval, and later styles. See cut under column. Also called bead.
- n. A convex molding encircling a cannon near the mouth: not present on modern guns.
- n. In carpentry, one of the rabbeted bars which hold the panes of a window.
- n. In anatomy, the astragalus.
- n. The game of knuckle-bones; knuckle-downs.
- n. A molding for edging or decorating furniture.
- n. A molding attached to double doors to prevent drafts.
- n. The bone in the ankle connecting to the leg bones to form the ankle joint.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Arch.) A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle.
- n. (Gun.) A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.
- n. the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
- n. a beaded molding for edging or decorating furniture
- From Ancient Greek ἀστράγαλος. (Wiktionary)
- Latin astragalus, from Greek astragalos. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Several centuries later, the castle, called Seton Castle, retains the period detail, with astragal windows, ceiling plasterwork and unique chimneypieces.”
“The ingots of tin were in the form of an astragal, and an ancient ingot of large size dredged up in Falmouth Harbour, weighing 150 lbs., resembled the letter H in form.”
“Fig. 258 illustrates the type of joint made by using a brass astragal mould (H) as employed on high-class work, frequently seen on French furniture of the Louis periods.”
“An enlarged section of the astragal mould which is grooved to fit on the bar which forms the rebate is also shown.”
“Fig. 256 shows the meeting of two doors which open outwards, a separate piece of timber being made to form a rebated astragal mould (F) and glued to the right-hand door.”
“Fig. 257 is similar to the above, with the exception that the rail of the door is rebated (G) to receive the astragal moulding.”
“In Fig. 259 is shown a piece of brass astragal moulding, which may be procured from any cabinetmaker's ironmonger in suitable lengths.”
“In the former case the stiles are rebated (as already shown in Fig. 260), whilst at Fig. 262 an astragal bead is glued to the right-hand stile.”
“Fig. 265 is a rebated joint with loose tongue-slip and astragal mould, suitable for frames over 1-1/4 in. in thickness.”
“Above the cymatium of the lintel, place the frieze of the doorway, of the same height as the lintel, and having a Doric cymatium and Lesbian astragal carved upon it.”
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