American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Growth resulting from increase in cell size without cell division.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In rhetoric, amplification; exaggeration; hyperbole; the use of a more unusual and high-sounding word for the ordinary and proper word.
- n. In mathematics, the ratio in which the element of a figure has to be magnified to make it conform to the corresponding element of a conformable figure.
- n. In botany, the method of increase in size of the valves of diatoms.
- n. rhetoric Extreme hyperbole.
- n. rhetoric Arranging words or clauses in a sequence of increasing force.
- n. rhetoric Amplification in any form.
- n. biology The growth of an organism without cell division
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Rhet.) A figure by which a grave and magnificent word is put for the proper word; amplification; hyperbole.
- n. growth from increase in cell size without cell division
- From Ancient Greek αὐξάνειν (auxanein, "to grow"). (Wiktionary)
- Greek auxēsis, growth, from auxanein, auxē-, to grow; see aug- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The one is the discussion of an indefinite question, or general truth, which by the Greeks (as I have before observed) is called a _thesis_: and the other is employed in amplifying and exaggerating, which they call an _auxesis_.”
“Would you be happy for CiF and the moderators to assume it was true, and say so, until you managed to prove it wasn't? auxesis”
“Howbeit, there is an emphasis in the expression, which is not to be neglected: for as it is observed by Chrysostom, as containing an auxesis (ouchi ton mē hamartanonta monon legei alla ton mēde gnonta hamartian), and by sundry learned persons after him; so those who desire to learn the excellency of the grace of God herein, will have an impression of a sense of it on their minds from this emphatical expression, which the Holy Ghost chose to make use of unto that end; and the observation of it is not to be despised.”
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a list of words from the indo european root ar- and variations : to fit together
Words that I used to know.
the art or science of all specialized literary uses of language in prose or verse, including the figures of speech.
the study of the effective use of language.
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