American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A bowed string instrument of the 18th century, similar to the bass viol, but having sympathetic strings on the rear of the fingerboard.
- n. music A string instrument related to the viol, employed in European music prior to the 1800s
- From the German Baryton, from bary- + Ton (Wiktionary)
“The French seem to have a lock on this type of baritone, sometimes called a baryton Martin, named after Jean-Blaise Martin, who exemplified this lighter, flexible style in the early decades of the 19th century.”
“Miklos was also pretty cool on the baryton a kind of cello.”
“As the Prince prided himself on his playing, Haydn was required to produce endless pieces for the instrument, and he was even at considerable pains to acquire a knowledge of the baryton itself, thinking thereby to afford his master pleasure.”
“The Prince himself played the baryton, or viola di bardone -- a stringed instrument of sweet, resonant tone, which, like the viol da gamba, to which it bore some resemblance, has long since ceased to be heard.”
“The tenor, baryton, and bass instruments follow in similar relation; the bass horns are, as I have said, called tubas; and that with four valves, the euphonium.”
“Haydn's magnificent patron and master played the baryton, and it was one of his duties to write pieces for it.”
“Haydn, so far as we can make out, never essayed the baryton again, but he wrote a surprising amount of music for it, considering its complicated mechanism and the weakness of its tone.”
“Deutschlands Klage auf den Tod Friedrichs der Grossen," cantata for single voice, with baryton accompaniment, 1787.”
“Feld-partien" for wind instruments and arrangements from baryton pieces.”
“Haydn naturally desired to please his prince, and being perpetually pestered to provide new works for the noble baryton player, he thought it would flatter him if he himself learnt to handle the baryton.”
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