Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A crevice between a glacier and the rocky wall of its valley. The bergschrund is the scene of thawing under the sun's rays during the day and of freezing at night, and along it frost is very destructive, furnishing the loose rocks for moraines.
Jour. of Geol., Nov.–Dec., 1902, p. 846.
- n. Alternative form of bergshrund.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Phys. Geog.) The crevasse or series of crevasses, usually deep and often broad, frequently occurring near the head of a mountain glacier, about where the névé field joins the valley portion of the glacier.
“A large crevasse called a bergschrund usually occurs at the top of the glacier near the head wall.”
“It breaks itself loose from the thinner snows about it, too shallow to share its motion, and from the rock rim which surrounds it, forming a deep fissure called the bergschrund, sometimes a score and more feet wide.”
“Skirting the base of the mountain above us, we came to a gigantic bergschrund, a mile and a half long and 1000 ft. deep.”
“Without the map, we had little certainty of our descent, and though we found our way down the steepest climbing of the trip—through an ice tunnel at a glacial bergschrund a crevasse created where the head of a glacier pulls away from the adjacent rock, down the vertical rock of the Fisher Chimney, and up a grueling finish to reach the Mount Baker ski area—it was dark again before we were off the mountain.”
“As Bowman used the north bergschrund and other landmarks to define their initial position and their route upwards, I studied the man's face, surveying the landmarks of his character.”
“Twenty-four hours later, I was huddled inside a bivouac sack under the lip of the bergschrund on the Thumb's north face.”
“The depth of the snow made the going slow and exhausting; by the time I front-pointed up the overhanging wall of the uppermost bergschrund, some three or four hours after leaving camp, I was whipped.”
“It meant that in two days our descent had been considerable, since the great bergschrund farther south was well over three hundred feet in depth and no water had appeared in its depths.”
“At the actual point of contact was what might be referred to as gigantic bergschrund: an enormous chasm over one thousand feet wide and from three hundred feet to four hundred feet deep, in the bottom of which crevasses appeared to go down for ever.”
“At each end of the nunatak there was a very fine bergschrund.”
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