Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Originally, in England, the head or chief of a tithing or frank-pledge; a headborough; afterward, a petty constable.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eng. Law) The head or chief of a tithing, or borough (see 2d borough); the headborough; a parish constable.
- Old English borsolder; probably from Anglo-Saxon borg, genitive borges, pledge + ealdor elder. See borrow and elder. (Wiktionary)
“Thirty-one days were allowed them for producing the criminal; and if that time elapsed without their being able to find him, the borsholder, with two other members of the decennary, was obliged to appear, and, together with three chief members of the three neighboring decennaries,”
“The borsholder summoned together his whole decennary to assist him in deciding any lesser differences which occurred among the members of this small community.”
“And no man could change his habitation without a warrant or certificate from the borsholder of the tithing to which he formerly belonged.”
“If he fled, either before or after finding sureties, the borsholder and decennary became liable to inquiry, and were exposed to the penalties of law.”
“When any person, in any tithing or decennary, was guilty of a crime, the borsholder was summoned to answer for him; and if he were not willing to be surety for his appearance, and his clearing himself, the criminal was committed to prison, and there detained till his trial.”
“If the borsholder could not find such a number to answer for their innocence, the decennary was compelled by fine to make satisfaction to the king, according to the degree of the offence. [”
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